Why a man jerks when falling asleep

Why man twitches when falling asleep - reasons for phenomena, prevention measures

Shrinking in a dream It may cause anxiety, whether everything is normal in the body. Why in a state of complete rest, the body twitches? Such a phenomenon may cause sleep disorders.

In addition, a person can feel fall, it scares many. To understand why a person jerks in a dream, you need to consider the physiological feature of this manifestation.

Physiological aspect

Sleep is the most mysterious phase of human life. He still has not fully studied by scientists. It remains much unclear that during this period there is a brain and human body. During sleep, a slowdown in brain activity occurs. This is necessary in order for the nervous system to rested from the workloads of the working day.

Shudders when popping in medicine are the name of myoclonia. This is a jerge of muscles, which occurs sharply and in its feelings look like a blow to the current.

This syndrome occurs during the active contraction of the muscles at that time when the body is maximally relaxed. Studies have shown that shuddering the body occurs most often in those who spent a hard day.

Most experts claim to shudder when falling asleep refer to normal organism phenomena. Physiological myoclonium is perceived by the body as a conflict between the organism relaxation and muscle tone.

All about why a person twitches when falling asleep

At that time, when there is a complete relaxation of the body, the brain perceives it as death. The person decreases the body temperature, breathing slows down. At this moment, the brain sends a sharp impetus to the muscles to return them to the tone. As a result, shuddering occurs.

Kids can twitch in a dream much more often than adults. This is due to the fact that the phase of deep sleep in children is only one hour, and in adults it lasts two to three hours. During the transition between phases, the child can actively move with handles and legs.

Features of manifestation of convulsion

Myoclonic convulsions, when falling asleep, have their own characteristics:

  • Wheel can any part of the body. Most often in a dream, a leg is twitching, but twitching the whole body can be felt, for example, as in falling. Trace the frequency of appearance seizure is impossible. They can arise all the time in different places.
  • In people who suffer from diseases of the nervous system, shuddering are manifested much more often.
  • Uppers arise in the fast sleep phase. During this period, the muscles are in a state of relaxation, it is similar to paralysis. Gradually, the overall tone of the nervous system begins to decline, the body is included in the slow sleep phase.

There are situations when a person has a leg in front of bed. This phenomenon can accompany not only myoclonic convulsions, but also a twist leg.

How to understand why a man twitching when falling asleep

The main cause of such a manifestation is a sensorotor disorder. The discomfort is enhanced when the legs were in a stationary state for a long time. The man begins to independently unknowingly producing legs to remove the feeling of pain, tingling.

Restless leg syndrome may arise due to many reasons:

  • Diabetes.
  • Gout.
  • Atherosclerosis.
  • Phlebeurysm.

Diagnostics in sleep disorders

All these diseases lead to a blood circulation violation in the limbs. Because of this, there is a violation of metabolism, the result of the nervous system is reduced.

Pathological shudding

Myoclonic cramps when falling asleep can wear not only the nature of a normal physiological phenomenon. The difference between the pathological manifestation will be consistent with the limbs during the day.

Regular progressive cramps when falling asleep can be signs of epilepsy. Every night a person can disturb shuddered various muscle groups. The cause of such a phenomenon is a lack of oxygen in brain tissues. As a result, changes occur at the cellular level.

Also at different neurological states can Symptomatic myoclonium develops:

  • Hereditary diseases of the spinal cord, the pathology of the cerebellum.
  • Development of viral encephalitis.
  • The defeat of the nerve endings in the development of kidney pathologies, lungs and liver.

There are situations when a person jerks in a dream due to the stop of the breath. This concerns people who snatch. To restore your breath, the body shudders.

Often twitching leg in a dream in pregnant women . This phenomenon is associated with a lack of calcium in the body. To get rid of shudding, you need to refer to the doctor who will appoint the necessary complex of vitamins.

Why man twitches when falling asleep - reasons for phenomena, prevention measures

Prevention shudder

If the question is why they twitch in a dream is not related to a certain pathology, treatment methods are not applied. If no disease was detected, then shuddered is the reaction of the body on a busy working day. To eliminate unpleasant manifestations, it is recommended to change the lifestyle.

As prevention measures, it is recommended:

  • Observe sleep mode. Insecurity negatively affects the state of the nervous system.
  • It is important to observe sleep hygiene - often change linens, airing the room before bedtime, sleep on a good pillow.
  • Before going to bed, take a bath with the addition of herbs, for example, chamomile, dyeing.
  • Do not go to bed immediately after watching the TV, the nervous system should calm down.
  • Observe a diet. It is not recommended to eat fried food before bedtime, consulating a lot of seasonings. They tone the body, which will subsequently lead to a problem with sleep.
  • In the evening it is necessary to reduce the use of strong tea and coffee. It is best to give preference to herbal teas that have a sedative effect.
  • Walk before bedtime outdoors.
  • Avoid late physical exertion.
  • It is necessary to fall asleep in a comfortable setting, in compliance with silence.

Prevention of sleep disorders

These prevention measures will help to prepare the body to healthy and strong sleep, relaxing the nervous system.

Also read about the temporal and absunny epilepsy, and what diseases the epileptologist treats.

If the foot is twitching when falling asleep, it is not recommended to make sedatives yourself. Medicines must be appointed by a doctor. Any remedy for non-compliance with dosage can be dangerous. To find out why people jerked a dream if this phenomenon worries regularly, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive examination to eliminate the possibility of developing pathology.

Why man shudders when falling asleep

Why man shudders when falling asleep

Almost every person experienced an unpleasant feeling when almost falling asleep, he suddenly shudders and wakes up. Movements are very sharp, reminiscent of the blow, sometimes with a large amplitude. In a medical environment, this phenomenon was called hypnogogic twitching or night myoclonia.

Night shudders when popping asleep

To shudder when falling asleep and in a dream you know many. Especially often it occurs when falling asleep. Considering the sleep phases, such a phenomenon occurs at the time when a person feels his sleeping. With a sharp cut in the muscles, he again wakes up. It is not like everyone else, but the pathology is not, except for exceptional cases. If convulsions are observed with sudden neurotic twitching limbs or other pain or spasms, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

Description of symptoms

The sign of myoclonia is involuntary shuddering at the time of falling asleep or in a dream that does not have a regular sequence. It does not cause physical pain, but breaks sleep. A person wakes up from the fact that his body in one way or another performs an involuntary jerk. Most often, the contraction of the muscles leading to such a movement occurs in the limbs, usually lower. Hands shudder much less often.

Sometimes the entire body can be observed. Especially rarely the action takes place in the field of language or soft sky.

The intensity of movements may be different, from a rustling shudder to the jerk. The latter can lead to a blow of the wall (if the bed is not located in the middle of the room).

Manifests Mioclonia syndrome in both adults and children. Even infants may react to sound or color external influence (thunder, light flash).

Explanation of syndrome

Why man shudders in a dream - the question is not idle. This phenomenon faces a large number of people. The causes of the occurrence of the doctors syndrome are distinguished by several:

  • Large physical exertion on the shrinking group of muscles;
  • Nervous stress that preceded falling asleep;
  • Emotional splash;
  • stopping the reception of soothing or sleeping pills;
  • Reduced oxygen decrease in air.

In addition to benign myoclonia, there is its malignant variety. In this case, involuntary shudder can be caused:

  • diseases of the brain vessels;
  • head injuries or spine;
  • transferred microfersals;
  • Disorders in the work of the kidneys or liver.

To decide on the form of myoclonies, you can only consult with your doctor. Excoring related to serious diseases is often accompanied by convulsions and other painful sensations, which indicates the need for a visit to a specialist.

Varieties of spasms and twitching

At the moment of falling asleep, the organism relaxes, and the brain classifies this fact as dangerous. A sharp twitching of the muscles becomes a starting mechanism, a danger response. Excessive muscle tension is also able to lead to involuntary shudding. Cramps in a dream are different in nature:

  • synchronous and asynchronous;
  • Rhythmic and arrhythmical;
  • spontaneous;
  • reflex.

Involuntary muscle spasms experts classly classify

  • Mioclonic twitching;
  • hypnogogical convulsions;
  • Restless leg syndrome;
  • Sleep paralysis.
twitching when popping

We will deal with the feature of each type. Is it dangerous for the body "shudder and wake up".

Mioclonic twitching

Irregular, not having a constant twitching of twitching, characteristic of people suffering from epilepsy. It often happens in the elderly and connected

  • with neurosis;
  • reduction of oxygen in muscle tissues;
  • age degenerative changes occurring in cells.

Abbreviations of muscles can occur in separate parts of the body (legs or hands, abbreviations of the muscles of the face) or cover it completely. The location of the occurrence of seizures is often changing. The danger of myoclonic twitching consists in their ability to progress.

miokloniya_2

Incoming muscle contractions (myoclonium) may occur not only at rest, but also in motion.

Hypnogogical cramps

This kind of involuntary movements, when the legs move when falling asleep, is already investigated to the present. Specialists did not come to a certain conclusion about the reason for their occurrences. According to the results of the research conducted recently, it was found that involuntary convulsions arise when relaxing the cervical vertebrae at the time of falling asleep. Nervous fibers leading to the muscles simultaneously pass into the excited state, and the person feels a sharp cramp, leading to awakening.

Restless foot syndrome

The phenomenon is characteristic of people of middle and old age and has accurate location. Unlike previous varieties, the cause of the movements produced becomes an unpleasant sensation arising in the lower limbs: burning, pain. To remove the feeling of discomfort, a person begins to make involuntary movements of his legs. The disease can progress, as a result of movement begin to be made and hands. Syndrome arises as a result of acquired health problems or at the genetic level.

Syon Palsy

This phenomenon of the disease is characterized by the fact that the body does not produce sharp shudders, but on the contrary, a person does not have the ability to make them. The brain is aware of the need to commit certain movements while waking up, but the body refuses to obey the going impulses. Syon paralysis does not cause a sharp awakening. Attacks occur only with the usual awakening after sleeping on the back. Prerequisites for the appearance of a sudden course of physicians consider stress and low-effective lifestyles.

Restoration of the motor function will occur when the brain will fully turn on to work, aware of what is happening. At this stage, you can begin to slowly move the tongue, eyes, limbs, starting with your fingers. Sumy raise your head, you can try more active movements.

Differential diagnosis

It is possible to determine the cause of involuntary shudder when falling asleep only by the differential diagnosis. Modern equipment allows at an early stage to identify the disease with similar symptoms. Only after the full examination, in some cases:

  • CT or MRI;
  • electroencephalography;
  • regeneration;
  • Ultrasound vessels of the cervical spine and head;
  • ECHO.

It is individually assigned treatment.

electroencephalography

Physiological Factors of Night twigs

At the emergence of attacks of night Mioclonia, according to scientists, various physiological factors affect.

  • Sleep phases - when moving from a shallow in deep sleep, the brain receives a motor pulse, which reacts with a sharp shudder.
  • Neurophysiology - twitching is due to the incompatibility of a completely relaxed body and fast eye movements. The brain gives an impulse that returns the body to activity. Further falling asleep occurs more relaxed and evenly.
  • Problems with blood circulation - lead to a reduction in the amount of oxygen in the blood and poor blood supply to the limbs and their numbness. A sent sharp pulse helps to wake up, restore activity and improve blood circulation.
  • Physical fatigue after hard work or sports.
  • Nervous stress, which a person was subjected during the day - do not allow the body to completely relax when moving to sleep.
  • Mioclonium, associated with a sharp noise or a bright flash of light - provokes a fright that ends with shuddering.
  • Myoclonia caused by apnea (respiratory stop) - the brain turns on and provokes shuddering.

Pathological factors of myoclonia

In addition to natural physiological causes, shudding can be a consequence of various diseases:

  • epilepsy;
  • hereditary problems of degenerative nature in the field of brain and cerebellum stem;
  • inflammatory processes in the brain caused by viruses;
  • brain pathologies associated with human motor function;
  • nervous and mental disorders;
  • essential myoclonia (a disease having hereditary origin);
  • Restless leg syndrome;
  • lack of trace elements.

When shuddered caused by the listed diseases, a physician consultation is necessary and individually selected treatment.

Shuddered while sleeping in children

Involuntary movements in children with abnormal electrical activity of the brain. It gives signals to muscle tissue. This leads to sharp twitching kids. Usually they pass during adulthood, but sometimes convulsions are provoked by diseases:

  • meningitis;
  • Head injuries associated with brain damage;
  • intoxications (during treatment);
  • brain tumors.

An external irritant (light or sound) may cause such a reaction.

Shuddered while sleeping in children

To clarify the reasons, you must consult a doctor and examine the child. When identifying pathology, urgent treatment is required.

Twisters in children can be caused by high temperature. This reason is easy to install independently and take measures to eliminate it.

Does treatment need?

To determine whether the treatment of myoclonies is required, when its signs appear (if twitching is often repeated and discouraged), it is recommended to consult a doctor. They are decided on the need to treat. In most cases, the problem is solved by eliminating the reasons for twitching:

  • taking sedatives;
  • Weakening of physical exertion;
  • Creating comfortable conditions for sleep.

Shudding, if it is not caused by serious pathologies, is not dangerous. It passes after eliminating the causes of their causing. When identifying pathology, it is necessary to treat the disease due to which convulsions occur.

It is believed that a sharp shuddering by falling asleep is the norm, however, such symptoms may indicate serious diseases. Rambler found out than dangerous blundering of the muscles of the body in a dream.

What is dangerous to shudder when falling asleep

Why when we shudder

Night peeling of muscles or myoclonium is one of the types of reduction of muscle fibers and entire limb groups. Incoming shudders at the time of falling asleep or deep sleep are observed in people of any age in independence from the floor. They arise as a reaction of the body, which is in full peace, to the environment, which affects the hearing or vision organs. Such attacks may be in duration of both short and repeated with different frequencies. There are several types of muscle tick:

  1. Focal - only one muscle is activated.
  2. Segmental - all muscles are joined, which are located nearby.
  3. Generalized - all muscles are involved in the process.

Explanation of syndrome

Back in the XIX century, the first studies regarding shudding syndrome were published. The term "myoclonia" was introduced by N. Freereykh in 1881. Externally vibrations and abbreviations look like a "current blow", as a result of which a person may unexpectedly flush, jump sharply, abruptly throw away the limbs, or shame, as from the push. Friedraih suggested that such a convulsive shudder occurs due to the fact that the brain sends the body the wrong signals. When a person falls asleep, his muscles relax, but the waking part of the brain still remains excited. Such a discrepancy can provoke muscular spasm. The explanation of the doctor sounds quite harmless. But can the shudder syndrome indicate serious diseases?

Signs of health problems

In addition to rarely manifested seizures, some people may have pathological myoclonia. It can arise for a number of reasons, each of which defines the belonging of night shudders to various diseases. A distinctive feature of such states is that they are manifested not only at night, but also in the bright period of day during wakefulness. Frequent shudding can be signals of the following diseases:

  1. Cardiovascular failure.
  2. Diabetes.
  3. Renal failure.
  4. Hypothyroidism.
  5. Osteoarthritis.
  6. Nervous disorders.

If you have noticed that at night, the convulsions are frequent, we recommend that you contact a doctor for advice.

You just started dive into the kingdom of Morpheus, how suddenly your sleep interrupted a sharp shudder of the legs or the whole body? And maybe you dreamed that you fall from the height? What is it dangerous convulsions or a state that should not cause anxiety and fear for their health?

Let us try to deal with the causes of involuntary muscle shudders, which are still called hypnagogic twitching.

Reasons for shudding in a dream

Evolutionary theory

According to this theory, which adheres to a professor of psychology of the Northumbry University Jason Ellis, such jogs, jerks or spasms (name them, like you) The brain wakes up a man to check if it does not threaten danger.

And here is evolution?

There is a version that our ancestors have developed a similar protective reflex (or instinct) so that it is not threatened from the side of predators before full immersion to sleep.

In fact, in the process of falling asleep, the muscles of our body are gradually relaxed, although the brain still does not sleep, and therefore defines muscle relaxation as a fall. To protect us from falling, the brain is trying to wake us up, sending the pulse to the muscles, which leads to shuddering.

Monkey sleeps on a tree

Another option of evolutionary theory proposes to consider Writing as a means of checking the presence of support in cases where people slept on trees , escape from predators.

The ancient people themselves and at all endowed shuddering in a dream to mystical meaning: they considered the dream of a short-term death, dreams - elements from the devil, and muscle cuts of legs or hands - the touch of unclean power.

Believe such theories or not - to solve you.

Macroelements deficiency

Magnesium rich foods

Among the causes of involuntary muscle shudders allocate Magnesium and calcium deficit.

With a magnesium deficiency, metabolic processes are violated, and the electrical excitability of skeletal muscles cells increases, which leads not only to muscle twitching, but also more serious pathologies:

  • cramps;
  • tremor limbs;
  • pain in the calf muscles;
  • writing spasm.

Calcium is actively involved in reducing, as well as muscle relaxation. With the deficiency of this macroelement, the nervous conductivity function in the muscles is disturbed, night shudding and numbness of the limbs appear.

Fill the lack of magnesium and calcium will help the following products:

  • sesame;
  • bran;
  • sunflower seeds;
  • Buckwheat kernels;
  • Sea cabbage;
  • milk;
  • cheese;
  • spinach;
  • bananas.

Switching phases sleep

Hypothalamus

Studying the nature of sleep, many scientists tried to explain the causes of night shudders.

So, Russian neurologist Alexander Wein believed that Hydallamus is responsible for shudding - section of the brain, one of whose functions is the regulation of the circadian cycle (alternation of sleep and wakefulness).

During the transition of sleep from a shallow breath slowly slows down, the heart begins to beat less often, blood pressure decreases. A sharp decline in life indicators is still engaged in a waking hypothalamus as a deadly danger. In response to such a reaction, the brain sends a signal with muscles reacting to shuddering to test the body's life activity.

Fatigue and stress

Man on the bed

Emotional experiences, intense physical exertion, stress, excessive fatigue interfere with relaxing the central nervous system which continues to send electrical impulses, which leads to shuddering.

There is another version according to which Short pulses sent by the brain to our body are designed to relax muscle system, Which after a hard work day is in a tone. It is this "discharge" that is physiologically manifested by shuddering the limbs, relaxes muscles, after which we sleep more calmly.

External factors

Sleeping girl

Sharp sound, an unexpected touch or bright flash of light cause fright , the consequence of which is shuddering in a dream (it is especially important for people with sensitive sleep).

Uncomfortable posture

Sleeping woman

Incorrect body position during sleep can disrupt blood circulation in the legs. And again we will help the brain, which will send the SOS muscle signal. We will work out and reflexively change the position of the body to more convenient.

Night apnea

The obstructive sleep apnea syndrome is characterized by a sudden respiratory stop in a dream, which lasts 20 - 30 seconds more often (in rare cases - up to several minutes).

The brain reacts to the lack of oxygen with a sharp reduction in muscles (that is, shuddering) What leads to the awakening and resumption of normal breathing.

Although often night apnea proceeds absolutely asymptomatic (not counting the loud snoring that prevents sleeping).

Alcohol

Sleep after taking alcohol

In the magazine "Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research" data were published experimental observations regarding the effect of alcohol on sleep.

It turns out that the use of alcohol before bedtime not only accelerates the flooding process, but also makes sleep deeper. And this largely explains the attractiveness of alcoholic beverages for people suffering from insomnia. But do not rush to open a bottle of red wine to fall asleep like a baby.

The fact is that Under the influence of alcohol, sleep and wake cycles are disturbed, consequence what is shuddering .

In addition Alcoholic beverages lower muscle tone and provoke snoring which can cause sleep apnea (and in this case, shuddering is the most harmless consequence of alcohol consumption before bedtime).

But that's not all. It is the "fast" sleep phase, for which the rapid movement of the eye is characterized, is responsible for the restoration of the psycho-physiological activity of a person, his mood, the state of the nervous system and cognitive abilities. Alcohol reduces the time of this stage, making a dream intermittent and sensitive.

Conclusions to make easy: Full sleep, after which we feel rested and complete energy, can not be stimulated using alcohol.

By the way, the reception of certain sedatives and antidepressants affects the body, like alcohol, that is, inhibits the "fast" sleep phase, which can cause hypnagogic twitching.

Coffee

Difficulties with falling asleep

Coffee stimulates the work of the CNS, so there is nothing surprising in that Drinking a cup of coffee before bedtime, you will experience difficulties with falling asleep despite strong fatigue. The consequence of such a dissonance can become shuddering in a dream.

Is it dangerous to shuddered in a dream?

Alzheimer's Brain

Most often, hypnogogic twitching is a normal manifestation of the functioning of the nervous system.

Anxiety should cause involuntary shudder, arising during the daytime at the time of wakefulness, affecting not only one of the limbs, but also the muscles of the face. A single shudder may be a consequence of stress and overvoltage of the central nervous system.

If shudding seizures are repeated daily several times a day, this may indicate the defeat of the head or spinal cord, the debut of epilepsy and other diseases. Some scientists believe that night-shudding can be associated with such degenerative pathologies, as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, with regular night shudders, contact a neurologist.

Despite the fact that today research related to the processes occurring with the human body in a dream is actively being carried out, it has not yet been possible to establish an accurate nature of night shudding. With full confidence, you can only say one thing - we can not control this phenomenon, as well as completely get rid of it.

But to reduce the number of involuntary night muscle contractions, worsening the quality of sleep and forcing it to wake up, we are completely under force.

How to reduce shudding in a dream?

Girl takes a bath

  • Exclude intense physical exertion 3 hours before sleep.
  • Candle coffee and alcohol For 3 - 4 hours before sleep: stimulating the nervous system to us for nothing.
  • Normalize psycho-emotional background: Stroll before bedtime, take a warm bath with sea salt, drink herbal tea, read your favorite book. An excellent relaxing effect has a light massage with aroma masses.
  • Observe sleep mode: Going to bed no later than 12 o'clock in the morning, since from midnight until 5 in the morning the body strongly produces a hormone melatonin, which is responsible for a deep sleep that allows us to fully relax. The optimal option is to waste at 22.00, especially if you wake up at 6 or 7 am (remember that it is recommended to sleep 7 - 9 hours a day).
  • Dinner 3 hours before sleep In this case, give preference to vegetables and fruits. But from the use of oily, smoked and fried food will have to abandon.
  • Take Vitamin Mineral Complexes If your diet cannot fill the deficit of certain minerals and vitamins.
  • Provide comfortable conditions for sleep: Close the curtains tightly, do a good room in which you will sleep, disconnect the sound in all devices so that nothing awake you in the middle of the night.

Fall asleep, thinking about good, and leave all the difficulties and problems in the bottom of the past. Thoughts are materialized, so tune in the evening on a productive day filled with positive emotions and a good mood!

Why do you shudder?

Prevention of stress, stress diagnostics, sleep

Why man twitches in a dream when sleeping and when falling asleep: a simple answer to a difficult question

Irina Vasilyeva

Surely everyone experienced a similar feeling. Fall asleep-fall asleep and suddenly begins to seem that you fall. The unexpected fall lasts not long. It ends with sharp shuddering and waking up. Or here is another example. You look at the sleeping person and see how to grow up his limbs during sleep. And, waking up, this person can not even remember what he dreamed. What is the reason why a person shudders sharply or twitching in a dream? Is it harmful? Or maybe it signals any violations of physiology or psyche? On the Internet there is a lot of explanations for this phenomenon: from scientific to esoteric. But what is the truth, and what is a lie? Let's deal with together.

Good afternoon, dear reader! Today we will analyze all possible reasons for this state.

Some of them will be inherent in healthy people, others are not very healthy.

What refers to the first, and what is the second group, I think you will determine without difficulty.

The reasons

Do the physiological features of the body affect the physiological characteristics?

It is known that about 70% of the entire adult population during a fallback periodically faces this phenomenon.

A man twitches when falling asleep once and this does not affect the quality of his sleep. This happens not every night, but periodically (presumably due to emotional excitement during the daytime).

Can stresses be caused by phenomenon?

Here we will focus a little more.

Indeed, stressful situations can lead to various sleep disorders, such as chronic insomnia or short slow sleep.

The phenomenon called "twitch in a dream", no exception.

Frequent twitching during the fallout period and during sleep may be due to a number of stress factors.

Does hidden interpersonal conflicts affect the work or at home

I mean conflict situations when you for some reason do not allow yourself to express discontent.

Negative emotions that you experience, do not disappear anywhere. They accumulate and go deep into unconscious. They must be expressed and they require their expression.

Someone will appear in the form of fears and phobias, someone will suffer from panic attacks, and someone will have a physiological Mioclonia (bodice twitching during sleep). With the help of these tricks your body is trying to free themselves from the resulting negative.

In many of their works, I talked about the importance of the ability to recognize and accept the presence of negative emotions.

Honesty in front of itself is a reliable protection against the emergence of neurosis, panic attacks, phobias. Understanding yourself, your feelings, emotions, you are also led by expressing them safe for yourself and those around them.

I wrote a lot about this in my book "Emotional prison. How to solve strong experiences, emotions and feelings, without destroying yourself and others. " I continue to talk about it now.

Love and take yourself completely, even experiencing to someone negative emotions! You have full right for this!

What role is the overload of information

Multitasking, the need to control a lot of things and immediately leads to the overload of the brain with information flows.

If this happens to you, rank information by four points:

  • Very important and very necessary, urgent (it is impossible to refuse this);
  • Important, but not urgent (transfer to more free time, do not score this head now);
  • not important, but urgent (delegate);
  • Not important and not urgent (throw away from your life or give someone).

This simple information stream ranking technique will allow you not only to preserve calm, but also get rid of unnecessary trash in your own head and in life.

Is there a serious long lack of rest

Look at how many people do not know how to relax.

Under rest, I understand the restoration of the energy forces and resources of the body, and not bright and saturated sites in nightclubs and the admission of alcoholic beverages.

By downloading yourself after work with computer games, aimless leafing of ribbon in social networks, gossip and peres, you do not relax, and even more increase the number of stress factors.

Real rest is a change of activity.

If you are a worker of mental labor, then for you a holiday is a walk in the park. And if you work all day physically, then reading artistic or useful literature.

Of course, I do not pretend to the title of "Guru" in the question of a full-fledged rest and I can not give advice "Okully". We are all different and each of us is suitable different. But the rule "Rest is a change of activity" must be remembered. He will help you make the right choice when you doubt.

How do the external causes affect?

External reasons can also lead to the fact that a person jerks in a dream.

The simplest example of external stimuli is sharp sounds and odors, a sudden flash of bright light, unexpected tactile impacts. As a rule, these factors make you wake up in fright.

For example, the siren of the fire truck, the smell of the paintwork, the cat jump on your bed and much more.

Unusual strong physical burden on the body

It all depends on your physical training.

  • For someone to go ten kilometers - it is absolutely not a problem, and someone after such a load will feel overly tired.
  • Someone swims every day in the pool, and someone after a trip to the lake will still be complained about the nunning muscles.

It is only true that if the physical activity was excessive for you, at night during sleep your body will be involuntarily twitch.

But, again, the feeling that "I twitch", you may not be. At the same time, it is usually twisted that part of the body on which the highest load has come. If you run a lot or jumped, then you will twitch their legs, if they played tennis, then the hand holding the racket, etc.

Eating alcohol or energy drinks

Drinks containing large doses of caffeine (energy) drink, so as not to sleep. Here everything is logical.

As for alcoholic beverages, the myth of his benefits is very strong.

It is believed that "Having accepted on the chest", you can easily "enter the dream". This is not true.

The intake of alcohol really helps to fall asleep, but the dream is shallow.

A man after taking alcohol sleeps restlessly, after rapid awakening, insomnia is incredible.

What consequences for sleep and twitching have some diseases

Excessive body movements during sleep can be in people who have undergone crank-brain injuries, for a long time of receiving certain drugs.

And during chronic diseases experiencing post-tramatic stress, as well as in some mental disorders.

This condition in a dream can occur with an acute shortage of vital trace elements: sodium, potassium and magnesium.

What happens during the period of intensive growth in children

In our childhood, if you flew in a dream, then adults said: "Grow!" It turns out that this is not a fiction.

Indeed, the feeling of flight, as well as drops from a high height, followed by shudding occur in children during periods of intensive growth of the body. So do not ask your child: "What are you very twitching in a dream?".

Your child is just growing.

As you can see, all of the above reasons are quite natural and does not require consultation of a specialist.

In what cases is frequent shudder in a dream is a sign of the disease?

If this symptom is repeated too often, it prevents from falling asleep, delivers inconvenience, consult the following specialists:

  • Endocrinologist (to exclude diabetes, violations of exchange processes, thyroid disease);
  • Therapist (to eliminate the gout);
  • Neuropathologist (to exclude epilepsy and pinching the nerve);
  • Gastroenterologist (to exclude avitaminosis and problems of the gastrointestinal tract).

If you have a history of serious head injuries, then it is better to additionally go through electroencephalography, a skull radiography.

Timely appeal to a specialist will help identify the disease at an early stage, as well as plan adequate treatment.

If you have passed the necessary surveys, and the doctors did not reveal any serious pathologies, while unpleasant shudding continues, then:

  • Pass the biochemical blood test to evaluate the work of the internal organs, as well as obtaining information about metabolism;
  • Together with the attending physician, make a special diet rich in the vitamins and minerals necessary for you;
  • Start taking light vegetable sedatives before bedtime.

Also two hours before sleep must be limited:

  • watching telecast and videos on the Internet;
  • computer games;
  • reception of severe fatty foods;
  • Acceptance of alcoholic beverages;
  • consumption of drinks containing caffeine (black and green tea, coffee, energy);
  • Communication with unpleasant people (!).

If your close man twitches in a dream, offer him this article to read. Our adult world often pauses us to a hurry, bustle, puts the difficult tasks before us, not leaving the opportunity to relax. Permanent shudding in a dream that prevents you, the reason to think and start the way to restore your body.

And to create comfortable conditions for your sleep, address the elimination of negative experiences, master the relaxation techniques and become more stressful, in my opinion, is much more useful than the amelly viewing of the TV shows and endless TV shows.

I really hope that the information suggested by me was helpful.

Subscribe to my blog, put like, share information with friends on social networks, leave comments!

But only not two hours before sleep! :-)))))))

Good luck and good dreams!

Diseases causing night shudding

A sharp cut in the muscles when falling asleep and during sleep, similar to the sensations with the blow of the current, is called night myoclonium. Elevated muscular tone generates positive myoclonus lowered - negative.

The simultaneous excitation of nerve fibers going to the muscles leads to the fact that a man shudders in a dream, he throws him, a large trembling runs along the body. This phenomenon is classified in medicine, as a hypnogogic twitching.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ckzchmpc0vc.

The causes of physiological myoclonies are stacked in the following versions:

  1. Neurophysiological. At the time of the phase of Sleep BDG (fast eye movements), the body and musculature are as relaxed as much as possible. Minds the inconsistency between the tone of the muscles and the "dying" organism. To return to life from the state of sleep, such death, the brain sends a pulse-signal to the muscles. Strong push, interrupting relaxation, makes a man twitch when falling asleep.
  2. Sleep phases. Singing each other phases of paradoxical (shallow) and orthodox (deep) sleep affect the activity of the brain. Dynamic is manifested in the marrow sent signals, in response to which the body of a person begins to skip.
  3. Chronic stress. The cause of myoclonic convulsion can serve neurotic disorders or stresses experienced by the day. The excited nervous system is not relaxing at night and before falling asleep, it is re-experiencing a painful sensation.
  4. Physical exercise. Overloaded muscles, long time in tone (sport, hard work, long walking) are not able to relax even during sleep. For a gradual weakening of the stress, the brain sends a pulse with muscles, those shrinking, reduce the tone - as a result, a person shudders or twitching in a dream or at the moment of falling asleep.
  5. Circulatory disorders. Observed against the background of insufficient blood supply of vessels, mainly lower and upper limbs. The vessels experiencing the lack of oxygen fall down, the limbs are not eager, which encourages the brain to send an immediate signal-order to change the position. In a dream, man turns around, twitching, even briefly wakes up. Changing the posture leads to normalization of blood supply.
  6. Myoclonium fright. A sharp noise, a bright flash of light forcing the sleeping person to shudder sharply. The body's reaction is often accompanied by rich sweating, rapid heartbeat, tachycardia.
  7. Myoclonia with apnea. Short-term respiratory stop in a dream makes the brain wake up, after which it is necessary to shudder.

The listed symptoms, according to specialists, is not a deviation, but a normal phenomenon. To physiological (benign) myoclonies also rank jerking in a dream in children. Since the sleep phases in childhood alternate and last otherwise than in adults, they are twitching in a dream or when falling asleep. To shuddered a child, even if they are constant, but do not interfere with falling, also fit into normal.

Shuddering while falling asleep in adults

Different age group is characterized by its features in the development and manifestation of mental processes. They, in turn, impose an imprint on the activities of children and night rest. Until 2-3 years, they are particularly tied to the mother, if at this time there is no contact or lacks maternal affection and attention, then this is all reflected in behavior, the psyche suffers, which affects the quality of the night rest.

A child after falling asleep twisted, wakes up among the nights, some even cry. Starting from the age of 4-5 years, the development is very active, any stressful situations will negatively affect the psyche. In the presence of problems in a children's institution or house in the family, psychologists celebrate stuttering, the appearance of nightmares, it is not surprising that the child shudders in a dream and wakes up.

This age group neurologists often diagnose hyperactivity. With its availability, for example, in 6 years it is possible to suspect that the child will be difficult in the first grade for a long time to stop in place, catch material, problems will appear in school.

Further, everything is growing like a snowball: parents scold, the younger personality is nervous, mental disorders appear, which lead to deviations during the night rest, including shudders.

At 7-8 years, a little man is already striving to assert themselves in the team among peers, if it does not work, then real communication is replaced by virtual, mental disorders from this do not disappear, and even more accumulate. Radiation from the computer has far from a positive impact on the developing brain, which can only provoke seizures, especially with epileptic status.

A teenager in a dream can shudder because of the development of neurosis, the emergence of fears that appeared as a result of psychological problems. And at this age they can be expected both at school and at home.

Muscle often lacks inorganic elements - magnesium, calcium, potassium and sodium. That is why drives the legs of the child or adult. Often for various reasons in the body there are disorders of water and mineral balance, which affects the work of the brain and blood circulation system. A sufficient amount of water should be given to the child to maintain the level of water and electrolyte metabolism.

Tell me what to do with nightly cramps, herbalists, phytotherapists, representatives of alternative medicine. Children offer drinking tea from medicinal plants containing some forms of kumarins. They improve the lymphatic outflow, contribute to the improvement of muscle blood supply. It contains the coumarins in the anise seeds and daisy flowers.

Help the baby can cope with the night callers of smoothies and freshly squeezed juices from vegetables rich in minerals and vitamins. Dilute drinks with hoods from herbs carrot or apple juice. Many potassium in spinach, parsley, dandelion leaves, cabbage. Magnesium is rich in seaweed, sunflower seeds, almonds, dried bananas, figs, apricots.

Parents should choose the baby comfortable shoes. Inappropriate sneakers, boots, shoes and sandals squeeze the feet and strain the icy muscles. This is one of the reasons of seizures in his feet at night in a child. During games, sports, children need to relax more often, do stretching exercises.

Myoclonic convulsions, when falling asleep, have their own characteristics:

  • Wheel can any part of the body. Most often in a dream, a leg is twitching, but twitching the whole body can be felt, for example, as in falling. Trace the frequency of appearance seizure is impossible. They can arise all the time in different places.
  • In people who suffer from diseases of the nervous system, shuddering are manifested much more often.
  • Uppers arise in the fast sleep phase. During this period, the muscles are in a state of relaxation, it is similar to paralysis. Gradually, the overall tone of the nervous system begins to decline, the body is included in the slow sleep phase.

There are situations when a person has a leg in front of bed. This phenomenon can accompany not only myoclonic convulsions, but also a twist leg.

The main cause of such a manifestation is a sensorotor disorder. The discomfort is enhanced when the legs were in a stationary state for a long time. The man begins to independently unknowingly producing legs to remove the feeling of pain, tingling.

Restless leg syndrome may arise due to many reasons:

  • Diabetes.
  • Gout.
  • Atherosclerosis.
  • Phlebeurysm.

All these diseases lead to a blood circulation violation in the limbs. Because of this, there is a violation of metabolism, the result of the nervous system is reduced.

Easy involuntary twitching of different parts of the body in a dream or when falling asleep, scientists call the night myoclonium. Before dealing with this phenomenon, it is worth staying on sleep physiology.

The flooding process is associated with the slowdown in all the functions of the body. Slower and calmly begin to work light, heart. It is at this time that the brain begins to send signals to the muscles, as a result of which they are reduced. This is expressed in light twitching.

Some scientists shuddered during a fall asleep consider evidence of improving brain activity. In their opinion, the breathing slowing down and the brain pulse regulates as a danger signal. To eliminate a hypothetical threat, it activates the muscles in case of the need to flee.

It should be noted that this is one of the hypotheses of the origin of myoclonic seizures when falling asleep. Another group of scientists explains the phenomenon of myoclonia in that when changing the phases of sleep, the brain produces wave bursts, which just lead to an involuntary reduction in muscles.

Neurologist doctors argue that night myoclonia is the result of the overload of the nervous system. Negative energy accumulated per day - stress - as it were, "processes" the brain. As a result, the cramps in the legs, arms, other parts of the body arise when falling upon. These convulsive movements lead to muscle relaxation, the entire nervous system.

Mioclonia is an unusual physiological phenomenon. On the one hand, it is comprehensively studied. On the other hand, little about him is known. Scientists found out that there are 2 types of finiteness of limbs when falling asleep: positive and negative mioclon.

"Positive Mioclus" specialists call the active contraction of muscles. This is when, when you fall asleep or directly while sleeping, hands jerked hands, legs, grow up the eyelids. Suggesum when falling asleep can be expressed in the distortion of the whole body. It is usually the most intense, often provokes awakening.

Negative Mioclon is, on the contrary, complete relaxation of nerve endings, reduced muscle tone. Syndrome can spread to a single site (for example, legs) or on the whole body. In the second case there is a convulsive converging.

Muscle twitching in the process of falling asleep is also in children, and in adults. Movements can be:

  • synchronous and asynchronous;
  • rhythmic / arrhythmic;
  • spontaneous;
  • reflex.

Most often, limbs, shoulders, facial mimic muscles are shudder. Physiologists explain the process of education of these convulsions by the fact that a certain group of nervous fibers running to the muscles suddenly is simultaneously excited. There is a voltage, resulting in a leg, face or the whole body during sleep.

Prevention and methods of treatment

Physiological manifestation when the child twitches when falling asleep, do not need to be treated. This opinion is adhered to Pediatrician Komarovsky. Mom and dad can help the baby themselves, eliminating annoying causes and organizing the right mode of the baby's day. Annoy child very rarely manifests such symptoms.

The presence of concomitant symptoms, frequent attacks that arise several times in a row require mandatory medical correction and surveys. This is necessary for timely diagnosis and treatment of possible pathological conditions.

After the diagnosis of Mioclonia, the treatment will depend on the origin and type of disease, since each of them requires an individual, but integrated, approach. The following effects can be appointed:

  • special diet;
  • reception of vitamin and mineral complexes;
  • Sedative therapy, prescribing the reception of the sedative day and sleeping pills at night.

Taking into account etiology, anticonvulsant preparations, nootropics, neuroleptics, corticosteroids in the form of tablets or injection are often recommended.

It is necessary first to establish whether there are no night reasons for the limbs with natural causes, or diseases. For this, if it is impossible to independently identify, you should first contact the therapist. After the initial survey, it decides whether the patient needs a patient in the treatment and direction to a specialist, or its condition is not dangerous.

If the presence of diseases is established, against which shudder appeared, it is necessary to adjust them. For this, a person is sent to a profile doctor who determines the therapy technique. For some, there is a sufficiently light sedative before bedtime (with increased nervous excitability), and someone will need a lifelong supporting therapy (with diabetes mellitus, etc.).

Drinks water
Need to drink more water - the usual, not carbonated

Patients necessarily build a drinking mode. This is due to the fact that if the body dissuade the liquid, a person develops chronic dehydration. For its reason, the blood becomes overly thick and occurs a night twisting body, legs or one foot, which should improve metabolic processes in the tissues. Eliminate such a problem is the easiest way. It is enough just to drink daily 6 cups of pure water without gas, not counting liquid food, tea and coffee.

When epilepsy, the use of neuroleptics is shown to eliminate night shudding or micro-readings. They allow you to adjust the state of the nervous system and eliminate the problem.

If you find yourself or near the symptoms of hypnogogic shudder - do not need to panic. Medicine has sufficiently studied this disease, therefore there are a number of effective methods of getting rid of it.

If myoclonus has a pathological character, then you will have to undergo a course of medication therapy, which will help to eliminate the disease that causes convulsions.

If it is found that the myoclonium of the physiological type, then the complex of the following measures will help to get rid of her:

  • First of all, it is necessary to develop a day of the day and try to adhere to it. It is necessary to teach yourself early to go to bed, and in the morning they wake up before, and it is better for the alarm clock. The duration of sleep should be at least eight hours if this is not enough - nine or ten hours.
  • Full rejection of bad habits. Alcoholism, drug addiction, tobacocco - one of the main causes of myoclonia.
  • Jogging in the parkActive lifestyle, sports activities. Light workout in the morning, jogging in the fresh air will quickly bring results. If there is no opportunity to run, we must try to walk more.
  • Refusal of large doses of caffeine. If you are a lover of strong toning drinks (coffee, tea), it should be significantly reduced by their consumption due to the exciting caffeine action. Replace the usual drink with compote fruit or chamomile tea.
  • The inclusion in the ration of products containing magnesium, calcium, potassium (kefir, vegetables, greens).
  • In autumn-winter time, it is necessary to prevent supercooling, especially you need to try to keep hands and legs in warmth.
  • Avoid activity on the eve of sleep. You can take a warm bath, light aromatic candles, turn on calm music.
  • Creating comfortable conditions for sleep. It is unacceptable to use old bedding, especially pillows with bird feathers. You should purchase an orthopedic mattress and pillow. Fucking should not interfere with loud sounds, bright light.
  • Control microclimate in the bedroom. The room must be tired, follow the normal level of humidity. If the air is rehensited, especially in the heating period, it is advisable to buy a moisturizer.

These measures will help you return a calm dream. All these actions are recommended to carry out those who do not face the manifestations of myoclonies - this will become effective prevention of the disease. Calm sleep will allow recover after a difficult day, will give new forces to achieve the goals.

Prevention of night cramps in children

There are several main factors that can affect the intensity of night shudding:

  • Psycho-emotional situation at work, scandals of the house, highlightedness, depression lead to mental violations. They are one of the main factors of troubled stay. Can cause neuralgic syndrome and lead to pathology;
  • Physical overstrain of the body during the working day. Excessive flow of lactic acid into the muscles, causes a tone and involuntarily cuts them;
  • External stimuli can also influence the process, such as: Light of street lamps, noisy neighbors, extraneous noises from the street. These factors negatively affect sensory systems, disrupting not only sleep, but also the mood;
  • Experts argue that the situation is very important at the time of rest. There should be no blood flow, the muscles in a relaxed state should not be clamped internal organs;
  • Not an unimportant factor is the excessive intensity of the brain during the daytime. People whose work is connected with this problem, provides brain activity. As well as creative people;
  • Excessive use of alcohol, energy drinks and caffeine will contribute to restless rest;
  • Computer and computer games excite the brain, which can provoke night pulses.
  • Syndrome obstructive sleep apnea, snoring. The brain reacts to the cessation of oxygen flow by a sharp reduction in all muscles, causing awakening and restoring normal respiration.
  • Restless leg syndrome. If the patient feels the frequent tingling of the lower extremities, which are gradually moving into arms and torso or he has a desire to stretch their legs, move them, it can be caused by restless leg syndrome. These symptoms may be associated with disorders of the dopaminergic system, causing depression, pathological aggressiveness, impotence and another majority of serious consequences. For advice, it is necessary to contact the neuropathologist.
  • Night epilepsy. A very rare case of manifestation is the night epilepsy. This is the situation when epileptic seizures occur during the patient's fall.
  • Paroxysmal dystonia. Sharp spontaneous limb movements can be caused by night paroxysmal dystonia. They occur both during sleep and at the time of awakening. Explain that I made a shudder, a person cannot. Specialists could not clearly establish why convulsions are observed in a dream, the treatment is the same as during epilepsy.

Sleep is the most mysterious phase of human life. He still has not fully studied by scientists. It remains much unclear that during this period there is a brain and human body. During sleep, a slowdown in brain activity occurs. This is necessary in order for the nervous system to rested from the workloads of the working day.

Shudders when popping in medicine are the name of myoclonia. This is a jerge of muscles, which occurs sharply and in its feelings look like a blow to the current.

Most professionals claim to shuddered when falling asleep refer to normal phenomena of the body. Physiological myoclonium is perceived by the body as a conflict between the organism relaxation and muscle tone.

At that time, when there is a complete relaxation of the body, the brain perceives it as death. The person decreases the body temperature, breathing slows down. At this moment, the brain sends a sharp impetus to the muscles to return them to the tone. As a result, shuddering occurs.

Kids can twitch in a dream much more often than adults. This is due to the fact that the phase of deep sleep in children is only one hour, and in adults it lasts two to three hours. During the transition between phases, the child can actively move with handles and legs.

Hypnagogical shudder is experiencing the absolute majority of people. If the manifestations of myoclonies last long at the beginning of the fall, then they do not pay attention. In the morning, the memories of short-term convulsions remain. To see this and only close can tell.

Among the neurologists, one theory of the emergence of night Mioclonus is most common. It lies in the fact that the brain perceives as a danger to the slowdown in the processes of the body's vital activity during the transition to sleep. However, this is not the only opinion, there are several more versions of attention:

  • Perhaps myoclonic convulsions occur when the sleep phases replace each other. The process of sleep is complicated and consists of several phases: slow, fast, shallow and deep sleep. When moving from one phase to another, there is a sharp change of brain performance indicators, which provokes the occurrence of pulses in many channels of the nervous system at the same time. The result of this is the appearance of night Mioclonus.
  • StressSome experts in psychology and neurology adhere to the opinions that shuddering occurs due to excessive loads on the nervous system. During the day, a person is experiencing a lot of events, while experiencing a lot of different feelings. Negative emotions cause stress. And its accumulation leads to the overload of the nervous system, which during sleep as if "scrolls" re-unpleasant situations.
  • Another theory of the emergence of hypnagogic shudder is an insufficient amount of such a microelement as potassium. It is part of all soft tissues, bones, blood, and its disadvantage negatively affects the work of the liver, brain, nervous and cardiovascular system. If the tests show that there is little in the body - the doctor will write appropriate drugs.
  • A nervous tick can be the cause of the body tremor when immersing in a nap, which is a monotonous involuntary rapid reduction in muscle tissues. In children, he usually passes with age. Adults must undergo a course of treatment, which will reduce pronounced symptoms.
  • Myoclonic convulsions can be provoked by excessive physical exertion. This is especially true of people of old age, as well as those who have no appropriate physical training.

The phenomenon is quite common. Wheel during a fall asleep almost 70% of people and most of them do not even remember this after awakening. But the relatives may notice, for example, the wife clearly will not feel that the husband twitches in a dream and then she wonders why a person twitches when falling asleep.

It seems to man that he forgotten and suddenly his shakes in a dream. This happens during the transition from the wake-up phase to sleep. According to domestic and foreign somnologists, the night Mioclon is an absolutely normal working condition of the nervous system, even if shuddered is hard to transfer. Some feel panic at that moment, but still it is not a herald of any painful state.

It is believed that the cause of physiological myoclonia is the conflict between muscle tone and absolute relaxation of the body. Full relaxation is the moment when before the phase of the fast movement movements (REM - abbreviation from the English expression "Rapid Eye Movement"), a group of nerve cells in the brain barrel ensures absolute relaxation of muscles.

When the body relaxes as much as possible, the hypothalamus perceives it as dying (the temperature is reduced, pressure, becomes more superficial breathing). The brain sends a sharp push signal, cutting muscles to return the body to life. A powerful impetus from the brain to musculature, breaking up dying-relaxation, ensures the effect of shudding and this is an explanation, why a person jershits in a dream.

Shuddings are not precursors to convulsive states. Short myoclons are a normal element of sleep structures and are not manifested by EEG. Also, the physiological myoclonium needs to be distinguished from similar states: tremors, ticks, twitching of the eyelids, convulsive attacks (when the caviar of the feet from the lack of calcium).

Pathology sleep

Myoclonia is peculiar not only to people, but also with almost all living things. Light trembling in the body in the form of rare isolated or group movements during a fallback is considered the norm. Doctors converge that it is still physiologically determined and absolutely normal functioning of the nervous system.

Pathologies are considered to be involved with different frequencies and frequency involuntary oppression throughout the night sleep. On the one hand, they themselves lead to sleep disorders. A constantly shuddering person periodically wakes up, as a result, cannot sleep normally. Also, he can get a sleep phase. On the other hand, the myoclonic convulsions not stopped after falling asleep may indicate violations in the body's work.

Doctors distinguish such features of convulsion when falling asleep:

  1. They are never tied to a certain part of the body, so it is impossible to predict the appearance of twitching.
  2. In some cases, convulsions are pronounced, felt as a major one shudder. In others, the nature of the small jitter of the entire body when falling asleep (tremor).
  3. The feeling of falling upon falling asleep doctors also consider the variety of myoclonic cramps.
  4. Usually myoclonia occurs in the phase of fast sleep. That is why it leads to awakening.
  5. The obsessive, repeating from nights to night convulsions often accompany the diseases of the nervous system (panic disorders, phobias, depression).

For convulsions in a dream in adults arose as less as possible or fully stopped, you need to properly organize a night rest culture.

  1. It is important to always follow the mode and go to bed at the same time, preferably at 23 o'clock.
  2. You can not look at the night of the TV, especially films and transmissions that excite the nervous system. It is advisable not to stay at the computer. If possible, you need to remove this technique from the bedroom, the phone is also no exception.
  3. Before bedtime, most doctors recommend a leisurely walk in the fresh air or at least make some simple gymnastic or respiratory exercises on the balcony. This will help quickly sleep.
  4. If there is no desire to walk, you can listen to light music, read the book, to remember.
  5. The bedroom must be necessary to ventilate, and in the warm season to leave the window open at night.
  6. Immediately before leaving to bed, it is desirable to take a warm bath with fragrant salt or lavender essential oil, rosemary, mint, citrus.
  7. You need to sleep in pajamas from natural fabrics. This also applies to bed linen - it must be cotton or linen. To eliminate the appearance of convulsion due to the fact that the legs have frozen, you can wear thin socks.
  8. If a person often wakes up due to convulsions that arose due to an uncomfortable body position, you need to purchase a good orthopedic mattress, which should be moderated hard and guarantee a natural physiological posture during sleep.
  9. Of great importance is the complete darkness and silence in the bedroom. Sleep hormone melatonin, affecting health, is produced only with the complete absence of light and sounds. Under these conditions, the brain is quickly relaxed, falling asleep happens quickly, the body and the nervous system are fully resting, which contributes to getting rid of nightly cramps.
  10. If people shudder at night due to potassium deficiency, magnesium and calcium, they need to enrich the daily menu of greens, vegetables, milk and fermented milk products. In addition, it is necessary to reduce the consumption of beverages that contain a large amount of caffeine and have the ability to stimulate the activity of the nervous system.

If you have a periodic shudder, take advantage of several tips to normalize sleep:

  • Complete and eliminate the reason provoking the appearance of convulsion. If necessary, go through the course of therapy;
  • In some cases, the course of soothing funds appointed by the attending physician will be required;
  • In the cold time, take care of the body from hypothermia;
  • Often night cramps are a sign of lack of magnesium, potassium and calcium. To replenish these useful components, include greens, vegetables and dairy products in your menu;
  • You can get rid of an unpleasant condition by limiting the consumption of caffene drinks. Excessive admission of caffeine participates heartbeat and acts exciting to the nervous system, which leads to the appearance of tremor;
  • Proper preparation to SNU will help to relax the body and eliminate spasm. To do this, take a bath with herbal decoctions;
  • Do not view the horror films frightening at night and other similar programs. Such programs cause fear, which in turn provokes night twisters;
  • Exercise and maintain muscle mass in tone. Easy training will reduce the reduction in provoking cramps. And walking in the fresh air will help make a sleep full;
  • Often the perpetrators of the night tweeters are a loud sound or bright lighting. Especially negative these factors for infants. As a rule, the newborn immediately reacts to shuddering on them. A similar reaction occurs with an adult organism;
  • Work out for yourself the optimal recreation mode. Try to go to bed no later than 23:00, otherwise the nervous system is transporting, which provokes frequent and strong shudding;
  • The sleeping place must be comfortable. Sometimes we are on the subconscious level by hand or legs for the warm-up of the peeled muscle mass.

In most cases, the night jerk is not a dangerous sign. Thus, the nervous system reacts to daytime stressful situations and neurosis. However, if twitching occurs regularly, you need to visit the neuropathologist. Since a similar symptom can signal the development of hazardous pathology.

Possible reasons

Why do we think we fall in a dream? Why does the brain play a joke with us, suddenly pulling out of the arms of Morpheus, causing to shudder from horror and go in a mad rhythm our heart? Immediately we want to calm down: the hypnogogic jerk is neither sleep violation nor a sign of the disease.

Doctors assure: this is a completely normal phenomenon caused by a minor failure in the flow process. Scientists have no uniform opinion on the causes of hypnagogic twitching. We will present the three most common versions equally eligible for existence.

Brain
The brain sometimes thinks he dies when falling asleep

Doctors have been studying the problems of shudding for a long time at the time of falling asleep. Today 4 theories are derived because of which a trembling in the body appears when falling asleep. They look like this:

  • The state of dying - the brain during falling asleep determines changes in the body as deathy and takes actions to restore active functioning. Muscle reductions occur in order to activate the blood circulation in the body and the person will shudder intensively. In the same period, most sees nightmares (more often drop from a height or immersion under water without the possibility of emerging). Such artificial stimulation of a danger-processed person is made by the brain for emissions of adrenaline, which should improve the state. This explains most of the cases why the man is twitching at night.
  • The transition from the surface of the surface sleep into the deep - during the period of deep sleep, the human body is completely relaxed. If there are excess energy in the muscles, at the time of transition from one phase of sleep to the other, they are reset with a surfaction. Extremely rarely searches can be celebrated.
  • Stress - When chronic stress, and negative thoughts and emotions accumulate for a long time, the brain begins to carry out their analysis in the period of falling asleep, although consciousness is already disabled. Due to such activities, the nerve impulses increase occurs, which leads to the vibration of tissues before bedtime. Most often in such a situation wake up.
  • The lack of oxygen - if the oxygen content is low in the air, then the muscle cells begin to test its deficiency, due to which the brain directs the impulses that cause them to reduce them. It is necessary because at the time of shuddering in the tissues, the blood circulation is amplified, and they get the desired oxygen volume.

Shuddings most often has a one-time character and does not appear regularly. In such a state, a person is usually not accessed for medical assistance, since he does not worry him.

Based on our own experience, I believe that the cause of such shudders is the insufficient relaxation of the muscles of the body when falling asleep.

During sleep, especially during the phases of slow sleep, the body is engaged in restoring the normal physical condition of the body (more about this, in the already mentioned article on the phases of sleep or on a similar topic).

If some of the muscles of the body are not relaxed, they interfere with the physiological recovery process, and the body (through the hypothalamus or with other impact) is trying to relax the muscle data.

There is a jerk, at the same time, a person, and forcing the tense muscles to relax. And then the flood process is repeated again.

Many people periodically feel like their body dramatically shudders during falling asleep. Sometimes such twitching muscles may occur during deep dive into sleep state. The site "Over the City" also very worries this question, and we will try to resolve it together. Some do not pay attention to it and do not even try to understand why this happens.

Ancient people explained such twitching of the whole body as they could understand this at that time. First, not aware of it, which is human dream, people in antiquity believed that such a state of a person is short-term death. Secondly, if a person saw and remembered the dreams, it was believed that these are peculiar "news" from the devil. That is why when a man sharply shuddered in a dream, it was believed that at that moment the devil touched him.

In the 20th century, scientists were very carefully and intently engaged in the study of the nature of sleep and dreams, therefore, the explanation of such muscular states was completely different. So, it was found that human sleep is divided into different phases and stages. One of the scientists engaged in studying sleep, A.TS.Golbin argued that shuddered in a dream is a reflection of a person's transition from one stage to another. In this case, there is no avoidance of the wrong or antiphysiological immersion of a person in.

Another specialist in this sphere A.M. Vane believed that the explanation would be looking for much deeper. In his opinion, hypothalamus is responsible for shuddering the entire body - a small plot in the human brain. It is he who sends a signal to the muscles in response to the slowdown in the breath and the rhythm of the human heart. This signal is a kind of vital vital activity.

Modern scientists not only revised all explanations of a sharp twitching, but also gave the name to such a phenomenon - MOOGLINIA. According to their version, such a muscle response helps to finally relax the whole body before immersion in sleep.

Indeed, if you carefully look at and listen to yourself, we can see that twitching happens at the end of a hard day or a strong load. After all, on such days, the muscles of the person are in a state of special tension and tone, and they are not so easy to relax them in the evening. That is why the brain sends a short impulse throughout the body, after which there is a complete relaxation of all muscles.

Thus, it is not worth worrying about nature and the causes of sharp twitching in a dream, this is the normal reaction of the body is not overwork. It is better to relax and relax.

Why legs twitch

Young parents often concerned the question: why the child shudders in a dream and crying. This is a consequence of the imperfection of its nervous system, which is intensively developing in the first year. Doctors consider this phenomenon as the norm.

It is worth worrying only if it is aggravated by other strange, disturbing, sharply appeared symptoms. With conventional twitching, you should not be afraid. The baby necessarily inspects a neuropathologist, if suspected the disease, he will appoint additional surveys.

Experts revealed several types of night twisters, each of whom has its own cause and a certain way to express themselves.

More than other parts of the body of myoclonies are subject to foot. The one is involuntarily twitching the leg when popping asleep, many could observe. The main reasons for this phenomenon have already been described. It should be focused on the fact that twitching legs during sleep in the case of the listed diseases is the smallest of evil.

If a person constantly notices that his legs jerked when it is falling asleep, it is necessary to apply to start to the therapist, tell about this symptom. The doctor will probably direct to the examination. It is not to be surprised if some serious metabolic violation of metabolicism or even the disease from the list will be detected as a result.

Many people with depression and sleep disorder describe their night sensations as "restless legs" (otherwise the condition is called "Ecca Syndrome"). All these disorders must be treated. Then the unpleasant feelings associated with falling asleep will gradually pass.

The legs of pregnant women are very often noticed. This is usually associated with a deficiency of iron, potassium, some other trace elements.

What to do in such a situation? First of all, consult with your doctor. It may takes a menu correction or an additional reception of the vitamin complex. After the birth of the baby, the unpleasant feelings described in themselves.

Hanging legs during sleep is often found in old age. This is due to the change in the functioning of the nervous system. Negone myoclonium in this case. Be sure to conduct a survey to eliminate the likelihood of serious diseases (for example, Parkinson's disease).

If the night shudders are often bothering and do not give a high-quality rest, you need to stick to a few simple rules:

  • Make up and follow the day mode. Determine the hours in which you need to go to bed, and how much wake up;
  • In the evening should not be intensively playing sports. If there is a desire, you can spend a number of light relaxing exercises. But exercises in the gym or fitness, transfer to the morning or daytime;
  • Improve the microclimate in the bedroom and prepare a sleeping place, nothing should be shy, the bed must be comfortable and spacious;
  • It is advisable to sleep in a complete darkness without strangers and noise. If there is no such possibility, there is an option to purchase a mask for sleep and earring;
  • Do not overeat overnight. Eating greasy calorie food, negatively affects well-being. Fast carbohydrates will not fit either, they immediately saturate the body with energy and provoking to action;
  • It is worth excluding the use of coffee beverages in front of the evening rest;
  • For the night, do not take energy and alcohol;
  • Try to avoid stressful situations in the evening. If during the day you were too overstated and could not calm down even at night, try the occupations of respiratory gymnastics or meditation;
  • Refuse computer entertainment before bedtime. They excite the nervous system and impede strong calm sleep.

Houring in a dream and the reasons for the phenomena are studied by researchers and become a reason for disputes. There are several theories of nature shudders at night.

  • Reaction to the slowdown of heartbeat and breathing. Sleeping breathes slower, the heart muscle is reduced less frequently, which is perceived by the brain as a danger and threat of death. The organ sends signals to the limbs, the muscles are cut, awakening the body.
  • Changes in blood supply. During the night rest, the blood moves along the vessels slower, they are not filled enough, narrowed. The receptors located in their walls react to changes, the brain receives signals and transmits pulses to the muscles, provoking their reduction. Sleeping changes the position of the body, and the limbs do not fail and do not have a deficit of the nutrients portable nutrients and oxygen.
  • Reset muscle tension. In a state of deep sleep, the brain does not respond to external stimuli, but recognizes changes occurring in the body. The organ notices excessive hypertonus muscle tissues and the associated decrease in the concentration of potassium and calcium in the blood. The limbs receive signals and are reduced by removing the voltage and gradually relaxing.
  • Fall feeling. Some scientists believe that after falling asleep, the human brain retains activity, although sleeping is immunity. The body builds the body model, different from the real one. There is an imbalance: a new structure provokes the adoption of poses in which equilibrium loss is possible. For its saving, processes activating muscles are launched. At such moments, a person can feel what falls. Fall is the result of the brain reaction necessary to take a sustainable convenient position.
  • Reverse physiological communication. The brain conducts constant monitoring of the body of the body, scanning it, revealing deviations and trying to eliminate them. At night, the body's activity is saved, it continues to work. Coupling is the result of checking the condition of the fabrics, including muscle. The brain provokes cuts by checking whether everything is in order with the muscles.

For a long time, scientists have found that sleep is a complex process consisting of several phases. If your day was too saturated, including exercise, in the evening you will feel fatigue. It would seem that only go to bed - and sleep will come almost immediately. In fact, it is not. Immersion in sleep passes gradually, and the transition from one phase to another lasts about two hours.

Sleeping woman

The process of falling asleep can last about two hours.

Most often, children and people with chronic fatigue or stressful state are shudder in a dream.

This topic is studied quite a long time, but scientists are still not clear the causes of vibration in the body in the process of night or day sleep. The unconscious convulsions and uncontrolled muscle contractions explain the following four theories:

  1. Immediately before bedtime, at the time of falling asleep, there is a significant slowdown in all internal processes (the heart beats slower, the breathing intensity is reduced). The brain regards such a situation as a suicide state and is trying to activate the work of the internal organs, sending nerve impulses into motor structures. As a result, the muscles are reduced, limbs twitch. At the same time, in a dream, a person most often sees frightening dreams of falls from a high height. Our brain draws such pictures not just so, so it is artificially stimulated by the emission of the adrenaline hormone.
  2. According to the second theory, the cramps when falling asleep are natural reactions of the body, not the transition from one phase (stage) of sleep to another. In other words, spasm is the result of the transformation of the surface stage into a deep sleep.
  3. Many doctors correlate twitching with stressful situations with which we are faced during the day. In addition, the reduction of muscles in a dream is due to the wrong either unstable work of the central nervous system (children have such a phenomenon most often associated with the underdevelopment of the CNS). In other words, when falling asleep, the human brain re-analyzes negative emotions, forcing the muscles to shrink.

The last theory says that convulsions are nothing more than a physiological failure in the work of the body. For example, insufficient supply of muscles with oxygen, magnesium deficit and other trace elements makes people perform involuntary movements.

People often ask what to do if I fall asleep and at the same time shuddering? To resolve the problem, you need to know exactly what cause it is caused. In the case when convulsions are the result of the disease, treatment should be directed to the disease. That is, it is eliminated not a symptom, but the very root cause.

For example, if muscle contraction and twitching are associated with epilepsy, the doctor must write neuroleptic drugs. In particular, the "clonazepam" is well helped - a tool from the group of benzodiazepine derivatives. Reduces the risk of night-spasms of Valproatic acid. If the convulsions are detected in children who have suffered infectious ailments, the vaccination will help.

But attacks are often diagnosed with absolutely healthy people. In this case, they are usually provoked by external stimuli. To get rid of them to adjust yourself from negative emotions, which are overly strongly exploring the psyche.

Consult with a specialist, it will help you accurately determine the reason why you shudder in a dream, and prescribes sedative or sleeping pills. This will improve the quality of night sleep, minimizes the amount of shudding and muscle cuts.

Despite numerous and processes with them related, unambiguous answers to the question of why a person twitches when falling asleep, at the moment there is no. But there are several interesting theories, each of which quite clearly explains the possible causes of this phenomenon. Considering the fact that the fallback is a very complex psychophysiological process, it is safe to declare that each of these theories is true and to the question of shuddering in a dream you need to approach comprehensively.

So, one of the most popular among researchers is a somnunical theory that binds a sharp cut in muscles with the main stages of sleep. Recall that somnology or onyrology is a science of sleep and dreams. Somologi have long established that sleep has a number of stages (phases), which overnight alternate each other.

Theories of appearing shudders in a dream

The factors of the development of myoclonic cramps were not fully studied, but there are several theories explaining why they appear.

Immersion in sleep leads to a natural reduction in cardiac rhythm and respiration, as well as a decrease in the activity of almost all systems in the body. In this case, the brain perceives such a state as a strong shock and, resembling itself, sends pulse signals into motor organs. Relaxed muscles are interpreted as a fall, and shuddering is a way of the body to warn the brain about the danger.

Another reason for the development of convulsion is the reaction to stressful situations, for example, during exams in students or after a busy labor day. In addition, often myoclonic convulsions may occur as a result of insufficient flow into the body of potassium, magnesium and calcium during the paradoxical stage of sleep, when the patient is disconnected from the surrounding world, but has the ability to fulfill the teams and the needs of its own organism.

Why do we shouch in a dream

This condition is accompanied by uncomfortable sensations in the muscles of the limbs, manifesting themselves with burning, easy tingling and pain. Facial movements in a dream, as a rule, stereotypes and are accompanied by the breeding of the fingers on the legs, their flexion and movement of the stop. In some cases, such a state is progressing with the spread of the upper limbs.

In addition, the emergence of night cramps can be observed with muscle hypotrophy. In this case, the body compensates for the bloodstream to certain areas, improving power and neutralizing hypoxia.

Diseases causing night shudding

Muscle twitching in a dream may be related:

  • With brain attempts to check the functional activity of all systems.
  • With uncomfortable pose and impaired blood supply limbs and joints.
  • With a sharp transition from the wake phase to the phase of sleep.
  • With the presence of a number of significant external stimulus.
  • With overvoltage of the nervous system during the day.
  • With elementary fatigue due to high physical exertion.

In addition to physiological reasons, there are also pathological options. There is a huge number of myocloniums and other hereditary diseases, so it is meaningless to engage in self-medication and self-diagnosis.

Re-reading the list of diseases that explain why a person twitches in a dream, I don't want to live. But this is only a trap for hypochedrics, in fact, all diseases have many other manifestations that will begin to disturb much more often.

Stress

Scientists believe that sleeping twitching are associated with stress, anxiety and sleep disorders. That is, their appearance is more likely if you are very tired or uncomfortable.

The answer to the question is why they twitch in a dream - there may be a mental overvoltage that a person has undergone a whole day. Acute and chronic stresses and overwork lead to the impossibility of rapidly falling asleep. People in a state of mental exhaustion suffer from insomnia. This is due to the fact that when overwork and nervous overloads, the falling phase is extended.

With permanent daily stresses and overworks, any external irritants in the form of sound, light or movement are perceived exaggeratedly strong. In such a state, any insignificant factor can cause a sleep violation.

Pathological myoclonia

Reasons for shudding in a dream in adults

Pathological myoclonia is caused by various reasons and, depending on them, is classified according to several types. The most frequent difference of pathological myoclonia from the physiological lies in the fact that shudding attacks can occur during the day.

Epileptic Mioclone is a manifestation of epilepsy. These are stable progressive cramps. They can affect different muscle groups every night: for example, one night shakes the hand in a dream, and the next is the Mimic muscles. The appearance of convulsion is associated with a lack of oxygen in brain tissues, degenerative changes in the cellular level, with the presence of epileptic impulses.

Essential Mioclonus is caused by a rare hereditary disease, developing from childhood. No other pathologies are accompanied by a disease. The same form includes repeated foot movements in the joints.

Symptomatic myoclone sleep develops at different neurological states:

  • accumulation diseases - for them is characterized by a complex of certain symptoms in the form of seizures of epilepsy, myoclouse and other manifestations;
  • hereditary pathologies of the cerebellum, spinal cord, brain trunk;
  • viral encephalitis, including caused by, for example, a virus of a simple herpes;
  • damage to nerve endings in diseases of the liver, pancreas, kidneys and lungs;
  • Degenerative pathologies with the defeat of basal ganglia;
  • Defeats of nerve endings after exposure to toxins. This also includes shudding due to poisoning or with medication overdose.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=.

Syndrome Restless legs Ecc is an unpleasant twitching in a dream in the legs and footsteps that appear also before falling asleep. Then there may be sharp shudders in the legs in both or in one, from which a person wakes up.

There are a few more reasons that man shakes in a dream. In the paradoxical phase of sleep, the body does not respond to external stimuli, but feels their needs. And if the body lacks vitamins, potassium, calcium, muscle twitching can be a kind of reaction to it. Also unpleasant symptoms may be associated with insufficient blood circulation. When shuddered to the joints, the required portion is occurring.

There are twitching, which bind to the stop of breathing in a dream. Such phenomena often happen from snoring people. To stop these stops, the brain wakes up for a few seconds and shuddering.

For the treatment of pathological myoclonies, cloneazepam is applied (individually) and Valproat (Convalex, Dec.packin, Apilexin) - from 10mg to 40mg per day. A good effect is observed from the predecessors of tryptophan - LPPTOPAN and oxiprope-tofan (this is a squum and sedank). However, this is an extreme measure that applies only after consulting with the doctor.

Myoclonic cramps when falling asleep can wear not only the nature of a normal physiological phenomenon. The difference between the pathological manifestation will be consistent with the limbs during the day.

Regular progressive cramps when falling asleep can be signs of epilepsy. Every night a person can disturb shuddered various muscle groups. The cause of such a phenomenon is a lack of oxygen in brain tissues. As a result, changes occur at the cellular level.

Also, at various neurological conditions, symptomatic myocloniums may develop:

  • Hereditary diseases of the spinal cord, the pathology of the cerebellum.
  • Development of viral encephalitis.
  • The defeat of the nerve endings in the development of kidney pathologies, lungs and liver.

There are situations when a person jerks in a dream due to the stop of the breath. This concerns people who snatch. To restore your breath, the body shudders.

Often the leg is twitching in a dream in pregnant women. This phenomenon is associated with a lack of calcium in the body. To get rid of shudding, you need to refer to the doctor who will appoint the necessary complex of vitamins.

Treatment shudders in a dream

One of the peculiarities of pathological myoclonies is that the person's convulsions arise not only when falling asleep, but also during the day, during wakefulness. This state is most often found in epilepsy. When falling asleep in a patient, different parts of the body can be twisted. One night is active limbs, the other is the Mimic muscles of the face.

The reasons for seizures by falling asleep in adults in this case may lie in the sphere of abnormal activity of the brain. In some patients, there is a lack of oxygen in brain tissues, other changes occur at the cellular level.

In some cases, pathological myoclons is provoked by hereditary diseases. To shuddered the limbs or muscles of the face at the same time can be observed in children when falling asleep at a very early age. This is possible with such neurological states:

  • hereditary cerebellum pathology and other brain sites;
  • epilepsy;
  • disorders of nerve endings in the case of diseases of internal organs (liver, lungs);
  • the so-called "accumulation diseases" (they are characterized by epileptic seizures, pathological daioclonus, other, less noticeable manifestations);
  • viral encephalitis;
  • Incixation in the overdose of drugs.

Epileptic Mioclone is a manifestation of epilepsy. These are stable progressive cramps. They can affect different muscle groups every night: for example, one night shakes the hand in a dream, and the next is the Mimic muscles. The appearance of convulsion is associated with a lack of oxygen in brain tissues, degenerative changes in the cellular level, with the presence of epileptic impulses.

  • accumulation diseases - for them is characterized by a complex of certain symptoms in the form of seizures of epilepsy, myoclouse and other manifestations;
  • hereditary pathologies of the cerebellum, spinal cord, brain trunk;
  • viral encephalitis, including caused by, for example, a virus of a simple herpes;
  • damage to nerve endings in diseases of the liver, pancreas, kidneys and lungs;
  • Degenerative pathologies with the defeat of basal ganglia;
  • Defeats of nerve endings after exposure to toxins. This also includes shudding due to poisoning or with medication overdose.

List of references:

  • Collection: "Sleep and anxiety" under the general edited by Dr. Biological Sciences E.V.verbitsky Rostov-on-Don. YUTS RAS Publisher. 2008
  • A.M. Petrov, A.R. Giniatulin Neurobiology of sleep: Modern view (Tutorial) Kazan, GKMU, 2012, 89 pp.
  • Kovrov G.V. (Ed.) Quick Start Guide on the Clinical Somnology M: Medpress Inform, 2018. 103 p.

If a short shuddering of legs during the transition to sleep should not cause fear and anxiety, then the myoclonic convulsions during the wakefulness period - the reason to be concerned. Sometimes, after it is overly a serious stress, which is necessarily expressed in the overloads of the nervous system, some manifestations of daytime myoclone are allowed.

The causes of pathological myoclonies can be different. Often repeated progressive day and night hypnogogic cramps are some of the signs of epilepsy. Moreover, they can affect both local sites and the whole body. Different manifestations are capable of provoking the attack, for example: a strong thunderstorm, lightning strikes, loud music with blinking light. The causes of epileptic seizures of doctors explain the insufficient amount of oxygen entering the brain, as well as the degeneration of brain cells.

In addition to these, there are still a number of states, against the background of which the symptomatics of pathological Mioclone may appear:

  • EncephalitisViral encephalitis. When a virus gets into a brain substance, inflammation begins. The carriers are already sick people or infected insects, sometimes the disease causes a simple herpes virus.
  • Diseases affecting the spinal cord, cerebellum, a brain barrel, which are transferred to the hereditary way.
  • Accumulative reticulosis (accumulation disease). The complex of hereditary or obtained (acquired) states of pathologies that cause problems with metabolism, damage to the cardiovascular or central nervous system.
  • Degenerative processes in basal nuclei, which are in the white brain substance.
  • A sharp violation of the blood circulation of the brain (stroke). A sign of the disease may be unexpected fainting or paralysis.
  • Inflammatory process in nerve endings affecting fibers. Comes due to diseases of various internal organs. The damage to the nerve fibers may also be the result of poisoning toxic substance or an overdose of the medical drug.

Only profile doctors can determine the cause of pathological myoclons. As a rule, in suspected the disease, the electroencephalogram is prescribed, blood for analysis is given. If the signs of pathological myoclonies are found, you should not postpone the campaign to the medical center, the launched diseases are harder and longer.

What do the doctor's say

If all the efforts made do not bring the desired result, and twitching during falling asleep to convulsion, it makes sense to visit the neurologist (neuropathologist). The diagnosis of myoclonia at the first stage is based on the description of the symptoms of night turdals and on visual observation of muscle contractions (if they are manifested during the daytime).

Clarification of the diagnosis and identification of the causes of myoclonies, carried out with:

  1. Electricencephalography (EEG) - method studies the activity of the brain.
  2. Additional biochemical blood tests on the sugar content, urea, creatinine - identify disorders in the work of the pancreas, failures in metabolic processes or indicate a decrease in the kidney function.
  3. Visualization processes - CT (computed tomography), MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) brain or skull radiography.

The appointment and conduct of the survey carries out a neurologist. In severe cases, hospitalization in the neurological dispensary is shown to form an accurate diagnosis of myoclonies.

If all of the above recommendations do not bring a positive result and night jerks will grow into a constant trembling, you need to seek help to a doctor. It will diagnose with the following techniques:

  • To study the activity of the brain used electroencephalography;
  • To determine the level of urea, creatinine and blood sugar content, a biochemical analysis is shown, which also helps to identify violations of the functionality of the pancreas and the work of the kidneys;
  • Computer tomograph, magnetic resonance imaging and radiography are prescribed for visualization of processes.

When the number of gravity of extremities increases, the neurologist may decide on the hospitalization of the patient to the neurological department. The need for this occurs when, as a result of the previously conducted examination, it is impossible to establish the cause of the deterioration of the state of the person.

Recommendations for the prevention of sleep disorders at the child

Caring for the health of the baby should begin with pregnancy planning. Doctors recommend future parents to pass surveys, Mom is obliged to be observed in the women's consultation the entire period of toaling. This will prevent various pathologies, will help to develop the baby properly. Even before the newborn brought home, it is necessary to think about his place of rest, he will spend about 20 hours a day. Attention should be paid to the following requirements:

  • The cradle must be comfortable and safe;
  • Bed linen Let be from natural fabrics;
  • It is necessary to choose the correct arrangement of the cradle;
  • It should be possible to ensure the normal light mode;
  • There is a permanent access of fresh air.

These aspects will help from the first days to properly organize a baby's sleep. In the future, the kid will get used to the regime, and it will be easier to rest. This will help the whole family to make up its schedule, to devote time for your affairs and communication. Breastfall when swinging should not shake a lot, it is better to teach him that he can fall asleep in his own bed.

An important role in explaining why a child when he sleeps, shudders, plays a microclimate in the family. Children are very sensitive to a psychological atmosphere between close. If parents have conflicts, scandals, tense relations, it bothers him and reflects on the quality of sleep.

Parents may draw attention to how the infants during the transition to sleep tweets with legs. Do not panic. It should be remembered that the structures of the baby's sleep differs from our. This is due to age and different stages of the development of the body - the older man, the more difficult all the processes. The duration of the adepent sleep period is two to three hours, it lasts about one 50-60 minutes.

Deep replaced with a superficial sleep, and during this transition kid can shudder. That is, twitching during the period of the surface phase says that the child just sees dreams. Mioclonia can also manifest themselves in children in adolescence. This period of life is characterized by the active reorganization of the body, so sometimes failures in the work of the nervous system can occur.

Myoclonic cramps in a child during sleep is divided into physiological (normal) and pathological. The reason for shudding, when popping, in infants is the adequate functioning and development of the brain.

The fact is that the dream of young children is significantly different from the adult. They have a deep sleep phase 2 times shorter than a normally functioning, healthy adult. The baby twitches when falling asleep and later almost constantly due to the fact that he has fastest shifts of sleep phases, brain activity changes all the time.

Parents should not worry if the child shudders when falling asleep. This is a natural process. But if some other pathological phenomena are added to these movements (for example, cramps during the daytime), the baby must be examined.

Cases requiring interventions

Frequent shudding, which are constantly exhausting and interfere with a calm sleep, can signal the presence of serious deviations. In this case, it is recommended to contact a specialist who will examine the problem in detail and will help solve it.

  1. In the presence of such a disease, like bruxism, twitching occurs on a par with a brine.
  2. With epilepsy, the exacerbation begins at the time of falling asleep.
  3. Night myoclonia - the syndrome of an uncontrolled muscle contraction, with a sharply shudder, feet bend in the knees, and straighten the thumbs.
  4. Neurological disorders (dementia, Parkinson's disease) are adversely reflected in a dream.
  5. Cardiovascular diseases (require special attention and permanent observations).
  6. In the event of side effects from antidepressants and other drugs.
  7. Paroxysmal dystonia is a disorder that causes involuntary oscillations by the body or limbs, which can lead to injury. For example, a sharp arm hand in face or foot about a bedside table.

When there are no diseases

If night twisters become permanent, they interfere normally sleep, doctors can diagnose the disease. Among the diseases are distinguished:

  • Violation of the work of the dopaminergic system. Violation of Dopamine Development leads to the fact that the legs are constantly twitching in a dream, in more severe cases, a sense of numbness or running goosems is added. Such people sleep badly, and in the morning wake up tired. Violation of the production of dopamine is treated only by drugs.
  • Night myoclonia. Characterized by sharp cuts in the muscles in the ankle or knee joints (in rare cases, it may occur in the hip joint). Benign myoclonium happens only at the time of falling asleep, and malignant occurs at night and continues for a long time. Often there are such patients with fatigue and pain in the muscles of the legs.
  • Sleepy epilepsy. Cramps arise after falling asleep and have similarities with an epileptic seizure. A twitching person is in constant voltage, which disappears only after the urge. Such seizures are treated with anticonants.
  • Paroxysmal dystonia. According to symptoms, it is similar to a carotid epilepsy, but it occurs only at the time of falling asleep or awakening (in time they can last up to an hour). He is treated with anticonvulsants.
  • Bruxism. More often occurs in adults, less often in children. It is characterized by "crossed teeth" in sleepy state due to spasm muscles. It is treated by Miorolaksanta and refusal from bad habits (smoking, coffee abuse).
  • Elder diseases. Olders often have limbs in a dream due to Parkinson or Alzheimer's disease. Of particular treatment in this case is not required, it is enough to make drugs prescribed drugs due to a developing disease. As a rule, old people almost do not feel discomfort from such movements and to the question: "Why are you twitching in a dream?" Their response will be strong surprise.

When sleepy twitching rarely occurs and do not interfere with a full-fledged rest, they are not required to treat them. But if a person cannot fully relax and his sleep is violated, then you should seek medical help.

If a person shuddering in a dream regularly does not detect diseases, it is necessary to carry out work aimed at eliminating the strong evening overload of the body, ensure the relaxation of the body and removing the nervous overvoltage. For this there are many simple and pleasant ways.

Take a bath
Half an hour before sleep take the bath, you can with essential oils
  1. Wearing - When the body is warm, the body does not need to activate the blood circulation, and, it means that Döganya. In the evening 30-40 minutes before sleep, it will be useful to take a bath with essential oil. The water temperature should not be overheated, so that there is no overheating, but sufficient for pleasant warming up. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes. It is impossible to go to bed immediately after the bath, it is necessary to sit 10-15 minutes. It is necessary in order to recover a normal heart rate.
  2. Evening walks - when the fading of the extremities occurs due to the non-destroyed energy, hiking outdoors help. They accelerate metabolic processes and burn the remnants of energy, which, when falling asleep, will lead to problems. Little walk should be 30-40 minutes. No need to load your body and walk quickly or even run. Dressed is required in comfortable warm clothes for the season so as not to test the cold.
  3. Exclusion of screens before falling asleep - the TV or computer negatively affect the brain in the evening, overloading it with information and awakening with its intense light. As a result of this, a person does not find himself in a sufficiently relaxed state, which is why shuddering develops. 2 hours before sleep is better to read the book (only paper). You can also do needlework and drawing.

In the overwhelming majority of cases, the problem of night shudding is not hazardous for a person, does not require treatment and effectively adjusted when the rhythm of life changes. Sleep becomes normal, spasms, rods and vibrations pass.

  1. Wearing - When the body is warm, the body does not need to activate the blood circulation, and, it means that Döganya. In the evening 30-40 minutes before sleep, it will be useful to take a bath with essential oil. The water temperature should not be overheated, so that there is no overheating, but sufficient for pleasant warming up. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes. It is impossible to go to bed immediately after the bath, it is necessary to sit 10-15 minutes. It is necessary in order to recover a normal heart rate.
  2. Evening walks - when the fading of the extremities occurs due to the non-destroyed energy, hiking outdoors help. They accelerate metabolic processes and burn the remnants of energy, which, when falling asleep, will lead to problems. Little walk should be 30-40 minutes. No need to load your body and walk quickly or even run. Dressed is required in comfortable warm clothes for the season so as not to test the cold.
  3. Exclusion of screens before falling asleep - the TV or computer negatively affect the brain in the evening, overloading it with information and awakening with its intense light. As a result of this, a person does not find himself in a sufficiently relaxed state, which is why shuddering develops. 2 hours before sleep is better to read the book (only paper). You can also do needlework and drawing.

Causes (from English Convulsions) is a sudden contraction of the muscles, which occurs involuntarily and having an approaches. They cause strong, but short-term pain that can be repeated after a while.

If such signs are not observed, the probability of the diagnosis of "epilepsy" can be excluded.

Neepileptic form of convulsion can occur for such reasons:

  1. As a consequence of generic injury. In this case, the ablitions of the muscles of the face and limbs are subjected to. Such convulsions may arise from birth or manifest itself in a few months.
  2. As a result of defects of the central nervous system, cardiovascular, heart defects, congenital deformities, asphyxia.
  3. As a result, due to the toxicity of the virus. In this case, the voltage of the entire body is observed.
  4. Reaction to vaccination.
  5. Endocrine disorders.
  6. Poisoning.
  7. Metabolic disease. This reason in childhood is less common than adults. But the lack of trace elements still increases the risk of convulsion. In this case, mimic muscles suffer more often.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzy4zft0vm0.

In children, night cramps are characterized by shuddering and stretching the limbs in a dream.

Often, the attacks pass without a trace, but it is necessary to take into account that at an early age, repetitive cuts can significantly delay physical and mental development, as well as cause violations of speech.

To reduce the risk of cutting muscles, parents can make a child before bedtime lightweight foot and leg and leg massage, organize a contrast shower for legs.

Rare spasms during sleeping baby do not carry a potential threat, but if there are systematically, this is a signal that you need to seek help. Parents should watch the baby's bed to tell about the features of the attacks at the attending physician.

Myoclonic seizures Treatment

If we are talking about rare shudders of the body or limbs when falling asleep, then in most cases treatment is not required. To normalize sleep and prevent excessive muscular activity, you can do the following:

  • go to bed and need to always be at the same time;
  • fall asleep no later than 22:00;
  • Do not drink stimulating drinks at night (coffee, energy, alcohol);
  • With pronounced problems with falling asleep, you can use lightly sleeping drugs on herbs (for example, new passion);
  • Before bedtime, it relaxes well, stimulates the blood circulation of a warm bath;
  • The reserve of trace elements will help the use of dairy products, vegetables, greenery (especially parsley, dill);
  • With severe myoclonia, strong tonic drinks (tea, coffee) must be replaced by berry, fruit compotes, herbal teas;
  • Regular physical activity helps to deal with convulsions;
  • In some cases, the prevention of myoclonies can be punished with a course of sedatives.

Before you buy any medication, you need to check the doctor! This will help to reveal the brain disease in a timely manner, other systems. Only after a complete examination and exclusion of serious pathologies, the doctor will be able to assign suitable soothing drugs.

Treatment of pathological myoclonies is carried out only under the leadership of the psychotherapist. In some cases - psychiatrist. For therapy, drugs such as conludelex, clonazepam, apilexin, etc. are used individually and sold in pharmacies exclusively by recipe.

Benign physiological attacks of twitching in special treatment do not need. In this case, there should be a survey to eliminate more serious causes of myoclonic seizures. In their absence, it is worth trying to eliminate the reasons that cause such a reaction.

In cases where convulsions are a manifestation of certain pathology, a more thorough examination is appointed. To reduce the intensity of the attacks and the reduction of their frequency, such drugs such as clonazepams, apilexin, squid, depair, convoilelex and others may be prescribed. The doctor picks up the exact and complete treatment of myoclonic cramps based on the results of the survey and the identified diseases.

Night epilepsy is considered the easiest form of illness, its treatment does not cause special difficulties. But if the patient does not take anti -epeleptic drugs, that is, the risk of developing attacks and during the daytime. The dosage of the drug is discharged depending on the intensity of convulsion.

Treatment also implies compliance with a number of rules:

  1. If the drugs that the Doctor attributed, cause drowsiness during the daytime, insomnia at night, then in such cases it is necessary to notify the doctors. He will write another drug.
  2. Develop a regular habit: go to bed at the same time. If a person is not poured at night, that is, the risk of the occurrence of the beginning.
  3. Reception of sedatives, caffeine exacerbate the situation.
  4. The baby with the night epilepsy should be a bed with sideboards. You can also retain something soft near the sleeve.
  5. It is impossible for children with this disease to sleep on a bunk bed.
  6. You should not use high pillows that increase the risk of suffocation.

Properly selected treatment improves human quality. If the disease concerns the child, his parents will be able to relax peacefully, not surviving for her baby at night.

Epilepsy is a cerebral disease, accompanied by repeating attacks, which, as a rule, cannot be predicted. The attacks violate normal vegetative, motors, mental or sensitive human life processes. This neurological disease is one of the most common, every hundredth person suffers. The attack can catch a person at any time of the day and night, but some people note that the attacks most often occur during sleep.

Epilepsy in a dream is the disease is characteristic that the attacks happen only at night, most often during the way a person falls asleep, wakes up or as soon as he opens his eyes.

Epilepsy in a dream in some people begins with the fact that they suddenly wake up without reason, they can feel the headache, vomiting, trembling all over the body, they have a violation of speech and can squeeze her face. It happens that a person during an attack sits down or gets up on all fours, performs movements that resemble the exercise "Bicycle" and so on. The attack continues, as a rule, 10 seconds or a few minutes.

Often people remember their feelings during the attack of epilepsy sleep. In addition to the explicit signs of the transferred attack, indirect confirmations may remain: traces of bloody foam remain on the pillow, the person feels pain in the muscles, the bruises and abrasions are visible on the body, the language is born, involuntary urination can occur and so on. In rare cases, after transferring an attack, a person can even wake up on the floor.

Useful advice

Have you woke up because your limbs vibrate? The following simple, but effective tips will help you sleep normally. But they do not belong to those cases when convulsive cuts are caused by pathological factors. So, we recommend:

  1. In winter, avoid frequent hypoints. Always dress on season, wear warm gloves and winter shoes.
  2. Now people who often wake up because of shudding, we advise you to introduce food with a high content of magnesium, potassium and calcium (green vegetables, milk and dairy products) into diet. And the best thing is to completely switch to natural products, eliminate the use of semi-finished products and stick to the power mode (eat at the same time every day).
  3. If you often twist in a dream, it is recommended to minimize the reception of drugs, products and drinks containing caffeine. He is overly burtered the nervous system. This also applies to smoking - such a negative habit increases the risk of convulsion and muscle contractions.
  4. Always get ready for sleep in advance. A few hours before laying into bed, it is advisable to take a warm soothing bath. You can add sedative herbs (mint, chamomile, valerian and some others) or essential oils. No opportunity to take a bath? Not a problem, well relax limbs Local baths for hands and legs.
  5. Move more often during the wake period. Thus, you can always maintain your muscles in a tone.

Do not be afraid that you twitch in a dream, much more terrible in the wrong lifestyle, which can lead to more serious consequences.

Conclusion

I found the reasons why I am twitching in a dream, and I hope you also managed to detect them. After all, if you know the enemy in the face, it is already half an end in his victory.

How to get rid of shudders in a dream

Attentive attitude towards the baby will help parents in a timely manner to identify the existing problem. Consultation of the doctor, additional research will help to establish the correct diagnosis, understand why such a symptom occurs, assign treatment.

But in most cases, shuddering do not carry threats. They are physiological and pass without any consequences as the child matures.

Myoclonia in any manifestation does not apply to the category of hazardous diseases and is easily amenable to therapy. Benign form is eliminated by correction of food behavior, the day mode and replacement of detrimental addiction useful habits. Pathological variety can be smoothed as the selected treatment process and subject to all prescriptions of the attending physician.

Most likely, there is not a single person on Earth, who would have come across periodic shudders when falling asleep.

It is interesting that scientists have not yet come to a common opinion about why you shudder when you fall asleep. There are 2 basic versions about such shudders, a few more secondary. And I want to offer one version from myself as a person who from time to time feels such visual jerks when moving to bed.

First of all, we describe the shudder itself.

We are talking about such a situation when it seems already just fell asleep as the body performs a jerk (shuddering) of one way or another. Sometimes shuddered there are such power that a person literally hits the wall or a bed of some part of the body.

Now, why such shudders occur. As already mentioned, scientists did not come to a consensus about the origin of these shudders.

Shuddling in a dream in a child

Unfortunately, this assumption does not seem fairly competent, because Anyone when falling asleep every time passes through the same phase of sleep. In theory, then the shudding should have happened every night, but they are quite rare.

Perhaps it is implied that shudding occurs only when a person is too rapidly moving from one sleep phase to another.

The second assumption of shuddering is the reaction of a small portion of the brain (hypothalamus) to slow down breathing and heartbeat.

Forcing the muscles to decline dramatically (the person feels mentioned shudder), the hypothalamus thus checks the viability of the body. We are talking about peculiar testing of systems to make sure that the body is alive and normally functions.

But if the hypothalamus is as follows in the internal systems, then such a test should have been carried out every time on becking upon. However, as already mentioned, such shudders occur only from time to time, quite rare.

Other reasons for shudding when falling asleep can be:

  • The result of stress and emotional experiences in a specific period of time;
  • Lack of magnesium in the body;
  • Reaction to external stimuli.

In other words, the question of the origin of shudding during falling asleep remains unexplored.

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